he Gambia is the smallest country on the African mainland. It stretches 450 km along the Gambia River. Its 10,689 sq. km area is surrounded by Senegal, except for a 60 km Atlantic Ocean front.
Although the smallest country on the African continent, the Gambia harbors a wealth of land, coastal, marine and wetland habitats and species of local, national, regional and global significance, making it an attractive tourist destination. Due to its geographic location, it is also a hub for trade in the region.
The country has a population of 2 million, with a fairly high average rate of growth of 2.8% per year over the last decade. With 177 people per square kilometer, it is one of the most densely populated countries in Africa. Most of the population (57%) is concentrated around urban and peri-urban centers. (Source World Bank)
|Main Local languages||Wollof, Mandika, Fula, Serahule and Jola|
|Vice President||Aja FatoumattaTambajang (Acting)|
|Date||February 18, 1965|
|Population (2013) 1.849 million|
|Neighboring Countries (Re export Trade)||Senegal, Mali, Bissau and Conakry|
|Currency||Gambian Dalasis (GMD)|
|Climate Seasons||Dry & Rainy Seasons|
|Drives on the||Right|
|ISO 3166 code||GM|