Gambia at a glance

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Overview of The Gambia

T

he Gambia is the smallest country on the African mainland. It stretches 450 km along the Gambia River. Its 10,689 sq. km area is surrounded by Senegal, except for a 60 km Atlantic Ocean front.

Although the smallest country on the African continent, the Gambia harbors a wealth of land, coastal, marine and wetland habitats and species of local, national, regional and global significance, making it an attractive tourist destination. Due to its geographic location, it is also a hub for trade in the region.

The country has a population of 2 million, with a fairly high average rate of growth of 2.8% per year over the last decade. With 177 people per square kilometer, it is one of the most densely populated countries in Africa. Most of the population (57%) is concentrated around urban and peri-urban centers. (Source World Bank)

At a Glance

Capital Banjul
13°28′S 16°3.36′W
Official language English
Main Local languages Wollof, Mandika, Fula, Serahule and Jola
Demonym Gambian
Government Republic
President Adama Barrow
Vice President Aja FatoumattaTambajang (Acting)
Legislature National Assembly
Independence from England
Date February 18, 1965
Area
Total 10,689km2
4,127sq mi
Water (%) 11.5
Population (2013)                     1.849 million
Neighboring Countries (Re export Trade) Senegal, Mali, Bissau and Conakry
GDP (2016)
Total
Per Capital
$886million
$435
Currency Gambian Dalasis (GMD)
Time zone GMT
Climate Seasons Dry & Rainy Seasons
Drives on the Right
ISO 3166 code GM
Internet TLD .gm
Calling code 220

(Source Wikipedia)